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Harder Hall

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Harder Hall postcard, c.1940s

The Florida land boom of the 1920s was the state’s first real estate bubble, attracting careless investors from all over the country, rapid growth in cities across the state, and the development of entirely new cities. One of the era’s most defining events occurred in November 1924 when the town of Sebring hosted an annual convention of governors from all over the country. About twenty governors, accompanied by the governor of Florida, Carl A. Hardee, stayed for two days at the Kenilworth Lodge and brought with them national publicity. A group of investors aimed to monopolize on the state’s burgeoning tourism industry in the city which played host to such a historic event. Vincent Hall, a real estate developer from West Palm Beach, and his associate George Kline purchased the Nan-Ces-O-Wee Hotel and the Kenilworth Lodge. Financed by Biltmore interests, Vincent Hall along with Lewis F. Harder made plans for a major hotel and resort community development under the name, Lakewood Terrace.

Harder Hall, which the hotel eventually came to be known, was built in 1925 with construction being carried out by Schultze & Weaver who were also responsible for the construction of the Biltmore Hotel in Coral Gables. The Spanish Colonial Revival style structure was designed by architect William Manly King whose footprints can be found in every section of Florida. His works include the Billows Hotel (1923), the Hibiscus Apartments (1926), and numerous homes throughout Palm Beach County. He also designed the city halls of Belle Glade and Pahokee, an addition to the Florida Sanitarium and Hospital, and several buildings at Florida State University. He was appointed Palm Beach County School Board architect in 1922 and at one time was credited with 90% of the public schools in Palm Beach County. A few of these include the original Palm Beach High School complex (1922-1924), the Old Palm Beach Junior College (1927), Palm Beach Junior High (1929), and Pahokee High School (1928).

The hotel featured six floors of guest rooms, an observation tower, and a series of patios and arcades through an abundance of tropical plants. The hotel opened in January 1927 with a six-course dinner to celebrate which attracted over 250 guests. Unfortunately, this was the hotel’s high point as it was only able to stay open for a few years during the Great Depression before Vincent Hall and his associates’ corporation folded, losing most of their properties.

Harder Hall | Photo © 2014 Bullet, www.abandonedfl.com
Though there have been plans to restore the building, they have all fallen through

In 1953, it was bought by Victor and David Jacobson and partners Larry Tennenbaum and Sam Levy. Victor commissioned acclaimed golf architect Dick Wilson to transform the resort’s golf course into a championship layout. Victor and Eva Jacobson operated Harder Hall Golf and Tennis Camp at the hotel and were the first and last co-ed, teenage golf and tennis camp in a resort ever. During this time, the resort was host to many famous guests such as Steve McQueen, Paul Newman, Ali MacGraw and Mario Andretti.

Victor operated the hotel until 1982 when he sold it to Land Resources Corp., a North-Miami-based time-share developer. The hotel officially closed in 1986 when the owners declared bankruptcy. Harder Hall was obtained by the Resolution Trust Corporation, a federal agency created in 1989 to sell off the assets from failed savings and loan companies. It wasn’t long after the property was seized by the federal agency that Harder Hall was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. It was also around this time that the golf course and some adjoining land were sold off, reducing Harder Hall’s footprint from 300 acres to its current 13 acres. Since its closure, there were two attempts at rehabbing the old building. Avi Limor of Delray Beach purchased the hotel in June 1994 for $517,300, most of which went into an escrow account to remove environmentally hazardous asbestos and lead fixtures. Limor invested $1.5 million into the building before dying in a private plane crash in November 1995. The second attempt was in the 2000s when Miami Beach developer Marc Shenker purchased the hotel in December 2003. With the city’s assistance, he obtained a $5.2 million loan from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development for restoration. Much work had been done to the building until October 2006 when Shenker’s development company, Joran Realty Corp., filed for bankruptcy. At the time of the filing, Joran Realty was facing six liens from different contractors totaling $471,868 in addition to three pending lawsuits. Company officials stated the contractors were not paid due to their low quality of work. The city foreclosed on the property and took the responsibility of paying back most of the loan.

Bullet

David Bulit is a photographer, author, and historian from Miami, Florida. He has published a number of books on abandoned and forgotten locales throughout the United States and continues to advocate for preserving these historic landmarks. His work has been featured throughout the world in news outlets such as the Miami New Times, the Florida Times-Union, the Orlando Sentinel, NPR, Yahoo News, MSN, the Daily Mail, UK Sun, and many others. You can find more of his work at davidbulit.com as well as amazon.com/author/davidbulit.

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